More than half a century later, books and articles on the atomic bomb still provoke storms of debate among readers … The Atomic Bomb and the Origins of the Cold War. Before the first atomic bomb was even dropped on Hiroshima the … The atomic bomb [Manhattan Project] was a partnership between the three largest western allies of the day with Russia omitted by design... and as such no one partner could use it without the approval and agreement of all eg they were all in on the decision. i believe the US did drop the second atomic bomb during WW2 to intimidate the Soviet Union. Tsuyoshi HASEGAWA Almost immediately following the end of World War II, Americans began to question the use of the atomic bomb and the circumstances surrounding the end of the Pacific War. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2008. "There was never, from about two weeks from the time I took charge, any illusions on my part, but that Russia was our enemy, and that the project was carried out on that basis." The US and Japan suffered major casualties, and the American people and the president were getting tired of it. Hasegawa rejects some parts of the revisionist case, including the critically important thesis that Japan could have been induced to surrender prior to the events of August 6-9, when atomic bombs were dropped on Hiroshima (August 6) and Nagasaki (August 9) and the Soviet Union declared war on Japan (August 8). The Atomic Bomb Essay There has been a long standing debate was the atomic bomb necessary essay on why the atomic bomb was used to defeat Japan. Reasons Against Dropping the Atomic Bomb – Argument #5: Use of the bomb was more to scare Russia than to defeat Japan. In Hiroshima about 90,000 people were killed immediately; another 40,000 were injured, many of whom died in protracted agony from radiation sickness. Racing the Enemy, however, is not all good news for revisionists. -- US Army General Leslie Groves, the director of the WWII Manhattan Project to develop an atomic bomb. The Hiroshima Bombing Didn't Just End WWII—It Kick-Started the Cold War The colossal power of the atomic bomb drove the world’s two leading superpowers into a new confrontation. On August 8, 1945, the Russians began to march to Japan, which was exactly three months to the day after V-E Day. Author: Truman dropped the atomic bombs on Japan because analysts and the president thought fewer lives could be lost if we dropped the atomic bomb, instead of island hopping to Japan. Charles E. Bohlen, Witness to History 1929-1969 (New York: W. W. Norton, 1973) pp. Seventy years ago, the atomic bombs known as Little Boy and Fat Man were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Three days later, a second atomic strike on the city of Nagasaki killed some 37,000 people and injured another 43,000.