In order to maintain and improve the credibility of the extended deterrence, Japan will closely cooperate with the United States, and will also appropriately implement its own efforts, including ballistic missile defense and civil protection.

INTERVIEW/ Brad Roberts: Conventional strike capability by Japan good for deterrence By TAKETSUGU SATO/ Senior Staff Writer. In order to maintain and improve the credibility of the extended deterrence, Japan will closely cooperate with the United States, and will also appropriately implement its own efforts, including ballistic missile defense and civil protection. Editor’s note: The text below is from distant 2014 but everything still applies.

Japan and Extended Nuclear Deterrence: Security and Non-proliferation Fintan Hoey Department of History, Franklin University Switzerland, 6924 Sorengo, Switzerland ABSTRACT To an observer, Japan’s approach to nuclear weapons can appear confused and contradictory. The Nuclear Umbrella and Extended Deterrence During the Cold War 3. The U.S. Nuclear Umbrella: Planning, Capabilities, and Credibility 7. On February 22, the Center for East Asia Policy Studies will convene a public event examining U.S. extended deterrence in Japan and Asia. 484-501.

Journal of Strategic Studies: Vol. History, Current Views, and Implications Foreign Policy at BROOKINGS ... Extended nuclear deterrence has been one ... Japan was the most ambiva- The Threats That Drive the Nuclear Umbrella: China and North Korea 4. The only country to have been attacked with nuclear This capability will be retired in 2013 unless steps are taken to maintain it. How Japan Achieves a Level of Nuclear Deterrence Even Without a Bomb This is why even just a civilian Iranian nuclear program is a threat to those who would wage war on it.

Japan is now poised to increase its own efforts to enhance the credibility of U.S. extended deterrence, casting aside a long-held ambivalent stance of distancing itself from U.S. nuclear strategy, while relying on it to deter the threat of nuclear weapons. South Korea and the U.S. Nuclear Umbrella 6. But “under the Japan-U.S. security alliance system, maintaining and strengthening the United States’ deterrent power, including nuclear deterrence, is a pragmatic and appropriate idea for our country’s defense,” he also said. “extended deterrence [in Asia] relies heavily on the deployment of nuclear cruise missiles on some Los Angeles class attack submarines—the Tomahawk Land Attack Missile/Nuclear (TLAM/N). Japan has pioneered a type of nuclear deterrence that relies not on any overt threat, but on the mere suggestion of a latent possibility.